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Articles of Confederation
Constitution
Levying taxes
Congress could request states to pay taxes
Congress has right to levy taxes on individuals
Federal courts
No system of federal courts
Court system created to deal with issues between citizens, states
Regulation of trade
No provision to regulate interstate trade
Congress has right to regulate trade between states
Executive
No executive with power. President of U.S. merely presided over Congress
Executive branch headed by President who chooses Cabinet and has checks on power of judiciary and legislature
Amending document
13/13 needed to amend Articles
2/3 of both houses of Congress plus 3/4 of state legislatures or national convention
Representation of states
Each state received 1 vote regardless of size
Upper house (Senate) with 2 votes; lower house (House of Representatives) based on population
Raising an army
Congress could not draft troops, dependent on states to contribute forces
Congress can raise an army to deal with military situations
Interstate commerce
No control of trade between states
Interstate commerce controlled by Congress
Disputes between states
Complicated system of arbitration
Federal court system to handle disputes
Sovereignty
Sovereignty resides in states
Constitution the supreme law of the land
Passing laws
9/13 needed to approve legislation
50%+1 of both houses plus signature of President

Please cite this source when appropriate:
Feldmeth, Greg D. "U.S. History Resources"
http://home.earthlink.net/~gfeldmeth/USHistory.html (31 March 1998).



Constitutional issue
Constitutional Compromise
Large vs. Small state representation
Great Compromise-- Bicameral system
House of Rep.= based on population
Senate = 2 per state
Agriculture vs Industry
No export taxes
Taxes on imported goods
South vs. North
Makers of the Constitution tried to fulfill both the south and the north's wants to make the constitution suitable for all
Slave vs. Free
3/5 compromise
Slave counted as 3/5 a person for population counting