Andrew Johnson:

external image Andrew_johnson.jpg

-impact on civil war and nation in general:
- president

-which side was he on?

-major events he took place in:
-homestead bill leaving him on loose ends with wealthy planters in west Tennessee
-the fulfilled actions of military districts and supervision across the south in 1867 forced the president to help southern resistance and oppose the process by firing secretary of state Stanton (who was a republican)
-Stanton’s being removed violated the tenure of office act and so the republican-controlled house to impeach Johnson
-in senate trial he was let off the hook by one vote
- Unsuccessfully sought the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination in 1868
-at end of term, back to Tennessee and rebuild political base of support yet not successful in seeing the democratic nomination
-1875 alliances of republicans and few democrats in Tennessee elected him to U.S senate

-role during the civil war:
-joined republicans and pro-war democrats in National union party
-his reconstruction plan allowed the former confederate states to return to the union>this would leave civil rights of former slaves to former slave-owners
-radical republicans in congress didn’t like his plan so they passed their own program over Johnson’s votes
-faced problem of developing a policy for the post war reconstruction of the union

-interesting facts:
-elected to congress in 1843
-1853: served two terms
-1857: elected to represent Tennessee in U.S senate
-only senator from a confederate state to stay in congress
-had to deal with rumors of him being an alcoholic
-took presidency after six weeks in office when Lincoln was assassinated

-strict constructionist and advocate of states’ rights
-opposed government involvement in economy through tariffs and internal improvements

works cited: