Category
Articles of Confederation
Constitution
Legislature
Unicameral, named congress
Bicameral, named congress, separated in to Senate and house of representatives
Members of Congress
between 2-7 per state
2 senators per state, representatives by population
Voting in Congress
1 vote per state
1 vote per representative or senator
Term in Legislative Office
1 year
2 years for representatives, 6 years for senators
Leader of Legislature
President of congress
Speaker of House of Representatives, Vice President is President of Senate
Executive
None
President
National Judiciary
Maritime Judiciary
Federal, including Supreme Court
Mediation of Disputes between States
Congress
Supreme Court
Creation of Amendments
must be agreed on by all states
must be agreed on by 3/4 of all states
Navy
Congress builds navy, each state is allowed to equip warships
Congress builds navy, States not authorized to have their own warships
Army
Congress decides size and requires troops from each state according to population
Congress raises and supports Army
Power to Coin Money
US and the states
US only
Taxes
divided and assigned by congress, collected by the states
Laid and collected by congress
Ratification of New Laws
Unanimous consent by congress
Consent of nine states required